Section 108 of the U.S. Copyright Law governs the kinds of copying that generally occurs in a library. Section 108(g)(2) specifically addresses interlibrary loan; it allows libraries to place requests for materials, but not in “such aggregate quantities as to substitute for a subscription.”
Guidelines published by CONTU (Conference on New Technological Uses of Copyright Works) quantify the phrase “such aggregate quantities” and are generally accepted as reasonable by the library and publishing community. The guidelines establish the number five as key when determining what aggregate quantities of copies would exceed fair use guidelines. The guidelines allow five filled copies from the current five years of a copyrighted title during a single year.
The UW-River Falls Library follows section 108(g) of the Copyright Law and the CONTU guidelines when acting as both a responder and a requester in state and national interlibrary loan networks.
Library as requester of a copy of an article or a small part of another work:
The copyright law of the United States (Title 17, U.S. Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyright material. Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or other reproduction. One of these specified conditions is that the photocopy or reproduction is not to be "used for any purpose other than private study, scholarship, or research." If a user makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or reproduction for purposes in excess of 'fair use,' that user may be liable for copyright infringement. This institution reserves the right to refuse to accept a copying order if, in its judgment, fulfillment of the order would involve violation of copyright law.
Library as Responder to requests for copies of articles or a small part of another work: