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Copyright @ UW-River Falls

Have questions about copyright? Check out this guide.


The following guidelines are also followed when placing items on reserve:

  1. Material is placed on reserve at the initiative of UW-River Falls faculty and staff solely for the non-commercial, educational use of UWRF students.
  2. Faculty must read and sign the copyright statement on the back of each reserve form submitted.
  3. A copyright notice appears on the first page of any material scanned for electronic reserve. A copyright notice is stamped on the first page of each document on traditional reserve.
  4. Faculty must provide complete and accurate bibliographic citations for all excerpts or copies. Citations for articles must include the title and date of the periodical. Citations for excerpts from books must include the title, author, publisher, and date of the book from which the excerpt has been taken.
  5. Students are not charged a fee to access reserve items. The charge for copies made by students is limited to the nominal cost of photocopies or prints.
  6. Access to electronic reserve files is restricted to UW-River Falls faculty, staff, and students.
  7. Bibliographic citations for articles and excerpts of books placed on electronic reserve do not appear in the general online catalog. Materials are searchable only by faculty and/or course in the course reserve search.
  8. Course packs will not be placed on reserve. In addition, faculty cannot in effect create a course pack by placing several items on reserve under one title. Individual citations must be provided for each item.
  9. Material made available through reserve and electronic reserve is removed as soon as possible after it is no longer needed for reserve service.


In accepting a copy (of an article or a book chapter, for example) for reserve, the library does so under the fair use provision (section 107) of the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, U.S. Code). Section 107 permits the making of multiple copies for classroom use, and the sole purpose of the electronic reserve service is to facilitate the making of multiple copies for classroom use by students. Such educational copying is one of the examples of uses that do not require the payment of a royalty or the permission of the copyright owner, provided that the copying meets the fair use definition as outlined by the four fair use factors.

It is the faculty member's responsibility to determine whether the use made of a work in any particular case is fair use and in compliance with the law. If a faculty member requests that material be placed on reserve that, in the library's judgment, exceeds the bounds of fair use, then the faculty member must secure copyright permission to place the materials in question on reserve.